Overall Teacher Judgments

"Assessment for the purpose of improving student learning is best understood as an ongoing process that arises out of the interaction between teaching and learning. It involves the focused and timely gathering, analysis, interpretation, and use of information that can provide evidence of student progress. Much of this evidence is “of the moment”. Analysis and interpretation often take place in the mind of the teacher, who then uses the insights gained to shape their actions as they continue to work with their students (NZC, 2007, p.39)

The following resources have been organised and shared to support Moderation of Overall Teacher Judgments workshops. For enquiries or support please visit the Kohia Education Centre website

The New Zealand Curriculum standards are not a test, they rely on skilled teachers understanding their students and their students’ learning needs. Forming Overall Teacher Judgements (OTJs) and moderating them are high level professional skills, requiring knowledgeable skillful teachers.
The focus for this session includes:
• key aspects to developing consistency of OTJs
• an opportunity to practise making OTJs
• critiquing evidence
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Developing Consistency of Overall Teacher Judgments (OTJs)
•What sources of evidence do you currently collect to inform teaching and learning decisions?
•Critique whether these sources of evidence are adequate
•Develop a process for your school or areas within your school so that teachers are using similar types of evidence to inform OTJs.
To ensure there is a common understanding and consistency of thinking when identifying and selecting evidence for OTJ teachers can collaborate to create evidence statements.

View an example of an evidence statement

When selecting and organizing evidence consider - is there enough evidence from a range of sources to show:
  • Multi-dimensionality
  • Cross curricular
  • Student voice
  • Observations
  • Learning conversations

Does evidence include information from an assessment tool?
Guidance for gathering evidence:

Videos: These video resources have been developed by Team Solutions, as part of a Ministry of Education contract, to stimulate professional learning conversations and to support ways of learning and thinking about moderation.
Not one test, not one day, not one classroom by Brenda Weal and Selena Hinchco: This article focuses on the use of evidence from student learning in Technology to inform overall teacher judgements.
NZMaths: A collection of illustrations developed to support teachers to select and understand evidence for OTJ.
Teaching as Inquiry: resources have been organised and shared to support Leadership and Assessment seminars for participating schools